Airborne transmission of COVID-19 carrier particles during exercise

In February, Maddie joined Sia and Kristen Wiig in a performance of the track for the 2015 Grammy Awards as Kim Kardashian and Kanye West looked on from the front row.

几年前,有人发明了一辆会飞的自行车,叫做"Paravelo"。称一辆自行车会飞,并不是开玩笑,而是这辆自行车真的会飞(车头有一个巨大的降落伞)。它在陆地和空中的时速分别为25千米(15英里)和40千米(25英里),可飞至1200米(4000英尺)高空。最棒的地方是什么呢?那就是你不需要有飞行驾照。Paravelo号称世界上第一辆会飞的自行车,但我们必须指出它并不是第一辆会飞的自行车。

COVID-19 Research: measuring the transmission risk of COVID-19 Carrier particles during Outdoor Exercise

adj. 有营养的,滋养的
In month-on-month terms, consumer prices fell 0.1 per cent after having risen 0.7 per cent a month earlier.

普华永道的校园和学校雇佣主管安德鲁?巴杰里(Andrew Bargery)表示,Teach First的毕业生出类拔萃:“他们已经在专业环境下工作过,拥有专业成熟度,并擅长交际。”
On Saturday night they sang Stars from Les Miserables, the song performed the character Javert in the long-running musical.
Emma Morano
工业生产者出厂价格指数(PPI)通常被认为是中期通胀的代表,该指数仍留在负值区间,但下降速度有所放慢。
4. "The Big Bang Theory" (3.4 million)
Over at Huffington Post Mark Gongloff warns: That 'dramatic downgrade of U.S. economic growth in the first quarter revealed the economy's lingering weakness, exposed the folly of Washington's austerity obsession and slapped the Federal Reserve's newfound optimism right in the face.' And with politics deteriorating, it'll get worse.

I was delighted to be contacted by the Aeronautics team about this exciting project, proposing to evaluate particle movement during exercise and its impact on risk of infection during exercise. This work is vital and should inform guidance on exercise precautions, so that we ensure that people remain physically active and do so in the safest way possible."

Dr James Hull

中国各地城镇化潜力不一:河南、湖南位居前两位

The experiments are conducted using fixed equipment (such as treadmills and exercise bikes) in a correctly matched airstream, under conditions which accurately simulate the relative motion through the air of an exercising person. The tests are being conducted with Dr Kevin Gouder's team in the Department’s 10 x 5 wind tunnel, the upper section of which allows the use of human subjects without any flow constraint. The co-leads on the project are Dr George Papadakis (the project's PI) and Professor Denis Doorly.

Transmission

单词yacht 联想记忆:

IT富豪榜排名前十的富豪的平均年龄为45岁,现年52岁的马云是其中年纪最大的一位。
‘Jeopardy!’ This game show celebrated the 50th anniversary of its debut (broadcast on March 30, 1964), and proved it can still not only stump viewers but also surprise them. That’s not just because the host, Alex Trebek, briefly regrew a mustache after 13 clean-shaven years, but also because some contestants showed they could still rile an audience. This year, it was Arthur Chu, who introduced a blitzkrieg style of gamesmanship that provoked a cyber hate-fest. His strategy was thrilling and certainly effective: he came in second in the Tournament of Champions. (Ben Ingram, the nice guy, finished first.)
As part of its 2014 capital plan, the San Francisco, Calif.-based bank said it would increase its buybacks by 350 million shares, or a total of almost $17 billion. It also boosted its dividend rate by about 17% to $0.35 a share.
n. 决定,决策
Every point we think we've reached where James cannot be better than he has been, he then blows past it like a poor center switched onto him. What will be discussed most is his all-encompassing skill, but this is also a testament to the work that James puts in. You can mock all those Instagram videos he puts up, but those are the real reason he's still able to do this; James has never cheated the game, not a day in his life, and the result is incomparable performance night in and night out.
In this Jan. 6, 2004 file photo, Apple CEO Steve Jobs displays the at the Macworld Conference and Expo in San Francisco. Jobs,
[f]
几年前,有人发明了一辆会飞的自行车,叫做"Paravelo"。称一辆自行车会飞,并不是开玩笑,而是这辆自行车真的会飞(车头有一个巨大的降落伞)。它在陆地和空中的时速分别为25千米(15英里)和40千米(25英里),可飞至1200米(4000英尺)高空。最棒的地方是什么呢?那就是你不需要有飞行驾照。Paravelo号称世界上第一辆会飞的自行车,但我们必须指出它并不是第一辆会飞的自行车。

The initial experiments have used CO2 as a benign tracer in the human breath and as a surrogate for the virus-carrying aerosol. Novel sampling probes  ‘AirSniffers' are used to measure the CO2 concentration at selected positions behind the test subject.

Video of Dr Kevin Gouder on an exercise bike in the 10 x 5 Wind Tunnel. AirSniffers are placed around him to detect particle concentrations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Right: An example of a measured concentration time seriesA graph showing wind speed data from the tests

*最佳综艺节目台本创作:《约翰?奥利佛上周今夜秀》(Last Week Tonight With John Oliver)
37岁的总督瑞奇·罗塞略在午夜宣誓后提出了几项用于缓解短期危机的措施。其中包括一项公投的提案将询问投票公民是否同意建州或独立。许多人认为,波多黎各的政治地位产生了长达十年的危机,近年来已促使超过20万波多黎各人逃往美国大陆。
STEP 8: PRACTICE the method of loci or roman room, or at least pretend to
adj. 最初的,原始的,有独创性的,原版的
在许多情况下,这种做法已经渐渐从政界边缘进入主流。比如说,英国的执政党保守党立场是中间偏右,它曾经推进英国脱欧,公投之后,新的保守党首相特丽莎?梅(Theresa May)表现出对白人身份政治的同情。
Nearly half of the Kings' roster should have been traded following the Cousins teardown move and yet none were. Nice. Bring on Buddy Mania. Plenty of good seats still available.
Carry out deleveraging in an active and prudent way.

 

 

Manikins 

镜头切换到《爱乐之城》的演员和剧组人员那里,他们高兴得抱成一团了,但大家可以听到比蒂好像在说:“应该是爱玛?斯通。”而唐纳薇回应道:“什么?”当《爱乐之城》剧组上台领奖时,可以听到旁边的舞台管理人员说:“哦……哦!天啊!他拿错信封了!”
Over the past three years, drawing conclusions about China's box office growth has been complicated by Beijing's decision to include new service fees in official revenue totals.
2012中国创新人物奖中国互联网行业常常被描述成冒牌王国,尤其是对在中国被禁的那些公司的仿冒。中国搜索巨头百度(Baidu Inc.)的网站外观很像谷歌。腾讯的旗舰产品、即时信息服务QQ于1999年以OICQ的名字发布,与当时流行的即时信息服务ICQ功能相似。新浪(Sina Corp.)广受欢迎的微博总是被西方媒体说成“与推特(Twitter)类似”。
Two days ago here in Brazil, we were shocked when we spent some time with some children living on the streets. And this is what one child told us: "I wish I was rich and if I were, I would give all the street children food, clothes, medicine, shelter and love and affection." 在巴西,我被2天前见到的情景震惊了,那时我和当地的小孩在玩耍,其中一个小孩说:“我希望我能富裕起来,然后我会给这个街道所有的小孩饭吃,给他们衣服穿,医疗,住房和爱”。
The recovery may help allay some of the gloom around emerging market countries, many of which used strong export growth as a springboard for rapid economic advancement in the early years of this century, before the export boom turned to bust.
我敢保证,魔兽霍华德从未用过生长激素,但在其他人看来,他似乎用了很多。自从离开高中进入NBA后,霍华德的体形似乎翻了一番。

Paul George, Chris Paul, Carmelo Anthony, Gordon Hayward Jimmy Butler, Derrick Rose, Paul Millsap, J.J. Redick, Eric Bledsoe, Dwight Howard ... the list goes on and on of players who switched uniforms since last year.
n. 争斗,战斗
First, says Tom Kozenski, a supply-chain expert at consulting and training firm RedPrairie, most people still think of logistics -- if they think of it at all -- as a "non-sexy" field centered on boring, low-paid warehouse work.
8.Your Boss Sucks
Hunger Games star Jennifer Lawrence on Tuesday topped a Forbes magazine list of the world’s highest-paid actress for the second straight year, earning some $46 million, followed by Melissa McCarthy.
This is BBC Sherlock, so your Watson isn’t stupid. He's rather smart in his own way and insecure about his sexuality (probably straight).

Days after her death, Ross’ mother, Alicia Jesquith, told reporters she needed answers for the sudden death of her daughter, described by friends and family as a vibrant, ambitious young girl who lit up the room.
Extreme heat blanketed Alaska and much of the western United States last year. Records were set across large areas of every inhabited continent. And the ocean surface was unusually warm virtually everywhere except near Antarctica, the scientists said, providing the energy that fueled damaging Pacific storms.
n. 紧张,拉紧,血统
3.Artificial Pancreas

Mannekin

This video shows an example of a droplet cloud in the wake of a manikin simulator.

Collaborators

China is committed to denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, the peace and stability in the Korean Peninsula, and resolving issues through dialogue and consultation. That is China’s consistent and clear-cut position.
This was never more powerful than when he talked publicly for the first time about his sexuality.

其实,中国经济增速放缓至8%左右,对中国乃至世界都是一件好事。更具环境可持续性、更加公平的局面,将缓解社会忧虑,而更高的消费将缓解全球贸易紧张。
China Poised to Claim Half of Global Online Game Market, Report Says
"If reform implemented 30 years ago solved the problem of ideology, then, at present, reform is to solve the problem of interests. Reform at present is actually like cutting our own with a knife, and we all need to be determined and must strengthen our confidence." WANG YANG, NPC deputy and member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee
谎言1:不是我!说谎原因:有些事情不值得我们去邀功。
不过,10月份社会消费品零售总额增速放缓至10%,低于经济学家的预期。经济学家曾预期,10月份的增速将与9月份一致,同为10.7%。
['k?:p?rit]
目前正在调查最佳影片奖是如何被错误地念成《爱乐之城》而非真正得主《月光男孩》的。

经济学人智库表示,尽管没有一个北美城市进入前20名,但是纽约的生活成本相对于其他美国城市有所上升。纽约与洛杉矶并列第27位成为美国最贵城市。
So too would be concluding the EU’s own (re)negotiation of its existing trade agreement with Mexico. And there is a good chance Brussels could beat Donald Trump to the finish line on a deal with Mexico.

户籍改革提速 深挖增长潜力

The demagogue’s campaign leads naturally to despotism — the tyranny of the majority that is a mask on the tyranny of one.
2013年排名:12

不久后,拉塞尔爱上了一名叫菲利普·莫里斯的狱友。莫里斯出狱后,拉塞尔通过给职员办公室打电话再次越狱,还假冒法官,大幅降低了自己的保释金。为了和莫里斯在一起,他又被捕和逃脱了两次,一度假装自己已经离世。他现在被判终身监禁,但表示看到自己的电影形象很激动。
If you haven’t heard about this, you probably haven’t been on the Chinese Internet in the last year. This simple line was left on a World of Warcraft BBS, and somehow — some are claiming it was an online agency stunt and was helped along — managed to attract over 7.1 million views and 300,000 comments in just the first 24 hours.
commission
adj. 高品质的

在苹果公司外面,摆着一台显示乔布斯照片的iPhone ,用以寄托对这位苹果创始人和前CEO的哀思。2011年10月6日,旧金山,苹果总部
当小李子上台领取奖杯时,制片人哈维·韦恩斯坦兴奋地拍拍他的背,全场观众起立为他喝彩。
单词mortgage 联想记忆:

unexpectedly
此外,菲亚特一款引擎不仅首次进入《沃兹汽车》十大引擎榜单,而且还是一款电动发动机,这就是起亚500E所使用的83千瓦发动机。遗憾的是,该车只在加利福尼亚州发售,但是如果汽油价格上涨至每加仑4.00美元大关或以上,市场力量可能说服这家汽车生产商进行更大范围的分销。
In the best possible way.
The fall in demand for industrial bulk commodities was particularly pronounced. Huge oversupply in China’s real estate and manufacturing sectors has damped investment in new capacity in recent months, denting demand for all kinds of raw materials.

过去三年,由于北京决定在官方总收入中增加新的服务费,有关中国票房增长的结论变得复杂起来。
5. 弗莱德·赫什三人组(Fred Hersch Trio),《漂浮》(Floating), Palmetto。赫什目前的钢琴三人组由约翰·艾伯特(John Hébert)担任贝斯,埃里克·麦克菲森(Eric McPherson)担任鼓手,他们有着精确的优雅。这张专辑的结构如同一场夜间俱乐部演出,包括若干重新编配的标准曲,以及几首强劲而充满情感的原创曲,有着强大的表现力。
Song “The Spring Blossom” (Na Ying)
6. Charlize Theron - $16.5 million

7.M·A·S·H Star Never Signed his Contract
The worst of 2015
主流网络游戏仍然是大型多人在线角色扮演游戏 (MMORPG)。报告说,今年10月,中国最热门的10款网络游戏中有6款都属于大型多人在线角色扮演游戏。动视暴雪(Activision Blizzard)开发的《魔兽世界》(World of Warcraft)在注册用户和最高同时在线人数方面仍然排名榜首。但报告指出,目前围绕着这款游戏大陆运营权的政府监管纷争可能会给《魔兽世界》带来负面影响。网易公司目前持有《魔兽世界》的中国大陆独家运营权。

7. 2012年搞笑诺贝尔奖之物理学奖
住房市场能轻松适应利率上升吗?
Getting sector calls right was the least of any investor’s problems this year because, outside of the brilliance of U.S. stock gains, the lights were off around the world.
在令人失望的2014年里,基金投资者们没有太多的动作。总体而言,过去11个月中,主动选股基金仅新增了350亿美元资金,还不到2013年同期新增资金(1620亿美元)的四分之一。2013年是该行业自2007年以来首次实现资金净流入。不过,这并不是说基金行业毫无作为。截止感恩节,交易所交易基金(ETFs)和被动指数型基金吸纳了2060多亿美元净存款,行业领先者先锋集团管理的基金规模在今年夏末突破了3万亿美元大关。投资者们似乎已经决定,与其把宝押在“骑手”身上,不如直接把赌注押在“赛马”身上。
Sohmers所推出的这个产品,可谓将高速运算能力和低能耗集为一体。Sohmers表示:“除了电子工程师外,我认为我还是一位创业者。我相信,我所作的工作,将会对整个世界产生重要的影响。”Sohmers在几年前从高中辍学,加入了Peter Thiel创立的创业加速器20 Under 20 Thiel Fellowship。2011年,在其他同龄人都在准备考大学的时候,Sohmers开始学习编程。他获得了10万美元的种子资金,并且跟随硅谷中一些著名的技术人才进行学习。Sohmers曾在麻省理工学院研究实验室进行工作和学习,研究从增强现实眼镜到激光通信系统的任何东西。也是在那里,他见到了REX的另一位联合创始人Kurt Keville。但是在他正式进入麻省理工学院研究室之前,他的父母似乎并不太支持他放弃学业。

“For years we had Chinese growth going gangbusters and US rates going down,” says Josh Crabb, head of Asian equities at Old Mutual Global Investors, the asset management arm of Old Mutual, the insurer. “But transaction volumes have dried up quite significantly, so we are not really sure what the prices are. That looks like a tough fundamental outlook.”
喜剧类最佳男演员:杰佛里?塔博(Jeffrey Tambor),《透明家庭》(Transparent)
Michael Smurfit Graduate Business School at University College Dublin showed the best overall progress, moving up 21 places to 48. Guanghua School of Management at Peking University returns to the ranking at 38, after missing last year due to a low response rate from participants.
LEAST LADYLIKE
9.Carol and Susan's Wedding in Friends

May its blessings lead into a wonderful year for you and all whom you hold dear.祝福你及你所爱的人新的一年中万事如意。
与此同时,还有其他因素在掣肘亚洲ETF市场,一些怀疑者担心,这些因素将阻碍散户市场的发展。
The Wizards need to surge ASAP if they want to stay in this. We saw what happened last year when they waited too long to get it together.
Here's a list of the top 10 most anticipated movies in 2016 that we believe will become box office hits and would be worth watching more than once.
此外,排名前列的城市的“成本”、“文化与居民生活”两项指标普遍不高。在满足民众需求、并提供高质量生活方面,中国的“机遇城市”仍然面临挑战。
As we get closer to relegating 2014 to the history books, your local stock market guru most likely couldn’t be happier to see those books slammed shut.

The computer is a very powerful machine built with ARM processors, the kind low-power processors that run smartphones and tablets. These servers allow more computing power o be packed into a smaller space. And that has big implications for building green-but-powerful data centers."I think of myself as an entrepreneur besides just being an electrical engineer. I believe what I'm doing can have a major effective on the world," Sohmers said.He dropped out of high school to join Peter Thiel's controversial startup accelerator, the 20 Under 20 Thiel Fellowship. Thiel, the former PayPal CEO and famous Silicon Valley venture capitalist known for his early investment in Facebook, is a libertarian who has often spoken out about the absurd cost of college these days.So in 2011, he started a program that encourages kids to start companies instead of going to college. It gives them $100,000 in seed money and access to some of the Valley's greatest technologists as mentors.Sohmers is an electrical engineering prodigy who at age 13 started working at the research lab at MIT. That's where he met his co-founder and CTO, Keville, he said.
What would he try for his solo move: "Sweet Creature" and "Ever Since New York" are intimate acoustic ballads; while "Kiwi" lets him strut his Oasis-style self at top volume. "Two Ghosts" is a break-up lament .
The nations of the world have agreed to try to limit the warming to 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit, which would require that emissions slow down and then largely stop in the next 30 years or so. If they continue on their present course through the century, scientists say, the earth could warm by as much as 10 degrees Fahrenheit above the preindustrial level, which would likely be incompatible with human civilization in its current form.
Perhaps the biggest domestic threat to the 3% growth scenario would be a surprisingly swift hike in interest rates, but from all indications a dovish Federal Reserve is unlikely to take aggressive action in 2015.

"Imperial College's Department of Aeronautics is a world-leading team and the chance to work with them on these projects is a fantastic opportunity for Airportal Ltd."